Since opposite charges attract via a simple electromagnetic force, the negatively charged electrons that are orbiting the nucleus and the positively charged protons in the nucleus attract each other. An electron positioned between two nuclei will be attracted to both of them, and the nuclei will be attracted toward electrons in this position. This attraction constitutes the chemical bond. Due to the matter wave nature of electrons and their smaller mass, they must occupy a much larger amount of volume compared with the nuclei, and this volume occupied by the electrons keeps the atomic nuclei relatively far apart, as compared with the size of the nuclei themselves. This phenomenon limits the distance between nuclei and atoms in a bond.
In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness of the bond issuer to the holders. It is a debt security, under which the issuer owes the holders a debt and, depending on the terms of the bond, is obliged to pay them interest (the coupon) and/or to repay the principal at a later date, termed the maturity date. Interest is usually payable at fixed intervals (semiannual, annual, sometimes monthly). Very often the bond is negotiable, i.e. the ownership of the instrument can be transferred in the secondary market. This means that once the transfer agents at the bank medallion stamp the bond, it is highly liquid on the second market.
Thus a bond is a form of loan or IOU: the holder of the bond is the lender (creditor), the issuer of the bond is the borrower (debtor), and the coupon is the interest. Bonds provide the borrower with external funds to finance long-term investments, or, in the case of government bonds, to finance current expenditure. Certificates of deposit (CDs) or short term commercial paper are considered to be money market instruments and not bonds: the main difference is in the length of the term of the instrument.
Investments into global bond funds surged to the highest in nine weeks, as a rally in U.S. bond yields abated somewhat on investor views that market pricing based on an earlier-than-expected tightening by the Federal Reserve was too aggressive. Global bond funds received ...
Retirees usually hold large amounts of cash, bonds, and other low-growth, low-volatility assets ... You should make sure that your investment portfolio has the appropriate allocation of stocks and bonds ... Investors can also hold bond portfolios with staggered maturity dates and a relatively high number of short-term bonds.
The yield on 10-year benchmark bonds began to surge in February 2021, which by March 2021 was a little above 6 per cent ... This is going to be good news for a lot of debt investors as any fall in yields makes them cheerful ... If the yield falls, bond prices rise and so do the returns of fixed-income investors and vice versa. .
Freddie Mac, the federally chartered mortgage investor, aggregates rates from about 80 lenders across the country to come up with weekly national average mortgage rates ... states and many countries around the world, investors have a renewed reason for caution, which tends to push bond yields, and mortgage rates, downward.”.
How important is it to have the right mindset for investors to achieve investing success? ... He says investors should not let bad days impact the way they would approach market in the future ... There is always an incentive in the form of premium that investors get for investing in stocks and bonds for moving out of cash and taking risk.
It’s clear that many investors are banking on a big push to rebuild traditional types of infrastructure ... “This is going to be positive in the long run for tech firms, manufacturing companies and even municipal bond investors,” said StephenDover, chief market strategist and head of the Franklin Templeton Investment Institute.
... local currency T-bills and bonds (portfolio inflow) is done through the banks, notably public-sector banks. Typically, foreign investors would provide foreign currency to banks and banks would in turn buy government bonds in local currency ... When foreign investors exit (i.e.
“Investors tend to end up not optimistic enough at the start of the year and then too optimistic by April." ... Other investors and analysts expect the dollar to weaken further as other countries get a grip on Covid-19, roll out their vaccination programs and start to reopen their economies ... bonds, which should limit the impact on the dollar.
“To avoid more debt relief, what you need to do is to encourage institutional investors to come into your government bond markets to provide liquidity and to do that, you have to subsidise them, so we’re looking at very concrete proposals to subsidise private investors.”.
Gold prices in India fell on Friday but for the week ended up with strong gains ...Last week, gold had hit a one-year low levels of ₹44,100 ... TRENDING STORIESSee All ... However, weighing on the precious metal is optimism about US economy and general progress on vaccination front as well as weaker investor interest and hardening US bond yield, they say ... .
“Due to small size and low trade volumes, it will be difficult for the investors to exit the bonds in case they need the money," said Dalal. “It may take 10-15 days for an investor to exit these bonds," said Dalal ... Experts feel that investors can use these bonds to diversify their debt portfolio as they are relatively safe.
(Bloomberg) — After persistent questions about China Huarong Asset Management Co.’s financial health sent its dollar bonds tumbling to record lows, the bad-debt manager is stepping up efforts to revive investor confidence ... While prices for several of China Huarong’s bonds ...
"With investor interest in excess of 14 billion dollars, this represents ADB's largest order book for a global benchmark bond to date and is a hugely impressive outcome for ADB and the regional members it supports in Asia and the Pacific," said ADB TreasurerPierre Van Peteghem.